Kilimanjaro Region | General information
Kilimanjaro Region is one of Tanzania’s 31 administrative regions. The regional capital and largest city is the municipality of Moshi. With a HDI of 0.613, Kilimajaro is one among the most developed regions of Tanzania. Kilimanjaro Region is located in the north-eastern part of Tanzania and borders with Kenya to the north.
The areas in Kilimanjaro Region fall into two extremes. One part of the area is located in the lee ward side of the mountain hence it is dry and semi–arid. The lowlands are warm, dry and less densely populated. They receive an annual rainfall of less than 800mm deep.
The largest part of the region is mountainous, surrounded by Pare Mountains that range from the base of Mount Kilimanjaro, which is the highest mountain in Africa. This zone has increasingly become, and has always been, the most densely populated – even up to an altitude of 2,400m.
A smaller part of the lowlands in the west comprises of marshland, which goes along Pangani river. Contrary to the dry Maasai plains, this part of the lowlands can be cultivated. Thanks to water irrigation, many crops can be grown, namely maize, onions, tomatoes, rice, watermelons and cucumbers.
Moshi - Kilimanjaro & Tourism
The Tourist Attractions in Moshi are many considering that it is located at the foot of Mount Kilimanjaro close to the border with Kenya. Moshi stands out because of the remarkable scenery and striking views of the mountain from every corner. Moshi sits on an altitude of about 890 meters and hence has cool weather for most the year.
The volcanic soils on the mountain slopes is very fertile allowing for coffee and bananas to thrive. Moshi is one of the two leading coffee producing towns in Tanzania and you will know this from the sweet smelling air coming from the main coffee processing factory.
Kilimanjaro Region Ethnic Groups
There are two main ethnic groups in Kilimanjaro region. These are Chagga, who are the majority, and Pare. There are other small ethnic groups who reside in the region, like Wakahe and Wakwavi. Within these two main ethnic groups there are sub ethnic groups sometimes identified by their different dialects. For example, Wagweno among the Pare who speak Kipare and Kigweno reside in the northen part of Pare.
The different dialects among the Chagga which are identified according to the geographical identity. For example, Kichagga Kimachame may be differentiated From Kichagga Kibosho through their way ofspeaking and other linguistic characteristics. However, Kiswahili is the main language for communication among the various groups. Socially there is little separation between the two main tribes and inter marriage is a common phenomenon. Invariably both tribes are energetic, industrious, thrifty and enterprising
Kilimanjaro Region Gorvenance
Administratively, the Kilimanjaro region is divided into 6 districts. Each of these districts has a solitary local government council save Moshi District that has two, one of which functions as the region’s capital.
Social Economy Context
Kilimanjaro region ranks higher than many parts of the country in terms of socio-economic indicators. According to 2017 Tanzania Human Development Report, the region’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) was Tshs 3,606,689 in 2016 and its GDP per capita was Tshs 2,123,528. In terms of income poverty, data collected by Household Budget Survey in 2012, the proportion of people living below basic needs poverty line for Tanzania Mainland is 28.8 percent; the same statistic for Kilimanjaro region is 14.3 percent. With regard to Multi Dimensional Poverty Index (MPI)1, the proportion of poor people in Kilimanjaro region is 22 , which is relatively very low compared to national average of 47.4 percent. On the other hand, with Human Development Index (HDI) score of 0.75, Kilimanjaro region ranks at 1st position among the 26 regions of Tanzania Mainland. The average HDI score for Tanzania Mainland is 0.61 (source: Kilimanjaro region investment guide).